Dr. Raphaël Fischler received his Ph.D. from the University of California at Berkeley, M.C.P., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, M.Sc.Arch., Massachusetts Institute of Technology and M.Arch., Eindhoven University of Technology. Fischler is the director of school of urban planning at McGill University. His interests include metropolitan governance and development and urban project planning and development. Dr. Fischler also sits on the International Academic Board of Advisors for ISGAP, the Institute for the Study of Global Antisemitism and Policy.